Sports medicine, one of Dr. Fox's specialties, is a branch of orthopedics that deals with physical fitness, treatment, diagnosis and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise. Sports injuries can occur due to overuse, overexertion or hyperextension of ligaments and cartilage in the joint, as well as traumatic impact or collisions. Sports injuries can occur to any joint in the body; however, the majority of them tend to occur at the knee, shoulder and ankle.
Knee - The knee is a hinge joint formed by the femur and the tibia, and is the largest joint in the human body. The knees carry the bulk of a person's weight and thus are commonly injured during high-stress activities. The joint formed by the femur and tibia is covered by the patella, or kneecap, which helps protect the knee from traumatic force. Ligaments attach to the bones and help stabilize the joint, as well as limit its extension and rotational ability. These ligaments support the knee joint, and also help prevent against overextension. For more information on knees, click here.
Hip - Hip injuries are incredibly painful and normally stem from a blow to the area, normally from a fall. In sports like football and soccer, where there is a lot of body to body contact, hip injuries are common. Perhaps the most common hip problem is the hip pointer injury. This results from impact to the iliac crest of the pelvis and can lead to bleeding in the abdominal muscles. The pain is normally sharp and strong, leaving athletes sidelined for a long period of time.
Shoulder - Common sports injuries of the shoulder include:
- Rotator cuff tears
- Labral tears
- Shoulder dislocation
For more information on shoulder ailments, click here.
Ankle - The most common sports injuries to ankles are Sprains, Strains, and Fractures.
Ankle injuries are defined by the kind of tissue -- bone, ligament, or tendon -- that's damaged. A fracture describes a break in one or more of the bones. A sprain is the term that describes damage to ligaments when they are stretched beyond their normal range of motion. A ligament sprain can range from many microscopic tears in the fibers that comprise the ligament to a complete tear or rupture. A strain refers to damage to muscles and tendons as a result of being pulled or stretched too far.
For more information on ankle injuries and treatment, click here.